Ary Barroso (born November 7, 1903 in Ubá, Minas Gerais and died February 9, 1964 in Rio de Janeiro) was a Brazilian composer, pianist and radio announcer. Ary Barroso was the most influential pre-bossa nova composer in Brazil and his songs were recorded by a lengthy list of artists including Carmen Miranda and João Gilberto. He received an Academy Award for Best Song nomination in 1944 for "Rio de Janeiro", as featured in the 1944 film, Brazil. Although he failed to win, he was presented a Merit Award from the Academy of Motion Pictures and Sciences for his work. In 1955, Barroso received the National Order of Merit, the greatest honor bestowed by the Brazilian government. "Aquarela do Brasil" ("Watercolor of Brazil"), also known simply as "Brazil", is one of the most popular Brazilian songs of all times. Written on a rainy night in 1939, this song marked the creation of a new genre, the samba-exaltação (Exaltation Samba).